2040 Statistics: The U.S. and The Global Gender Gap Report

 

world economic forum

Each year since 2006, the World Economic Forum (WEF) has published a Global Gender Gap Report that takes a snapshot – nation by nation – of how the world is doing in terms of gender equity.

Gender equity, according to the WEF, is both an economic and a fairness issue. The introduction to the 2006 report stated: “[The gender] gap not only undermines the quality of life of one half of the world’s population but also poses a significant risk to the long-term growth and well-being of nations: countries that do not capitalize on the full potential of one half of their human resources may compromise their competitive potential.”

The WEF recently released the Global Gender Gap Report for 2014.

Since 2006, the U.S. has edged up slightly. Comparatively, we are now #20 in gender equity (as versus #23 in 2006) among 142 nations, and we have improved in absolute terms as well.

Two of the major areas assessed by the report – Educational Attainment and Health and Survival – reflect essential gender equity in the U.S.  Bravo!

Two others, however, show the U.S. falling short.

In Economic Participation and Opportunity, though demonstrable progress has been made since 2006, women still do not receive equal wages for similar work: The ratio of female-to-male wages for similar work is 0.66.

Further, there are only three-fourths as many female as male legislators, senior officials and managers – a proportion that has actually declined significantly since 2006.  Women are not reaching the top: Though they constitute a high percentage of professional and technical workers, they don’t share in running the show.

The relative scarcity of female legislators also shows up in the category of Political Empowerment, in which our low 22% Members of Congress who are female and 0 years with a female head of state are salvaged to some degree by an increase in the proportion of women in ministerial (appointed) positions from a ratio of 0.17 in 2006 to 0.47 in 2014. Overall U.S. ranking in this category, however, is #54.

Questions looking forward toward 2040:
• How can we translate strong educational attainment for women into wage equality?
• How can we reverse the 2006-2014 regressive trend away from women at the top in politics and business?
• How can we move more women through the pipeline of local and state politics onto the national scene?

Palma Joy Strand

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2 Responses to 2040 Statistics: The U.S. and The Global Gender Gap Report

  1. Palma Strand says:

    This is a study prepared by the World Economic Forum, and Iceland is number one: “This year’s findings show that Iceland continues to be at the top of the overall rankings in The Global Gender Gap Index for the sixth consecutive year. Finland ranks in second position, and Norway holds the third place in the overall ranking. Sweden remains in fourth position and Denmark gains three places and ranks this year at the fifth position. Northern European countries dominate the top 10 with Ireland in the eighth position and Belgium (10) Nicaragua (6), Rwanda (7) and Philippines (9) complete the top 10.” http://www.weforum.org/reports/global-gender-gap-report-2014

  2. If that is the Gender Report in which Norway is top no. one – this has been persuasively debunked by a Norwegian journalist (the video of the study is on YouTube) and o9ne faculty even lost their public financing because of the doctoring of figures this man exposed. The above argues as if the full half were disenfranchised. This of course is nonsense too – out of the “half”, i.e. the women, a lot of people already have equal rights/income/positions/qualifications (take your pick) – it is a fraction of that 50% we are talking about. And yes, something has to be done, but not by doctoring figures …

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